Individualizing Instruction: Making Learning Personal, Empowering, and Successful. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1990

Roger Hiemstra and Burt Sisco

Copyright © 1990 by: Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers, 350 Sansome Street, San Francisco, California 94104 & Jossey-Bass Limited, Headington Hill Hall, Oxford OX3 0BW

Copyright under International, Pan American, and Universal Copyright Conventions. All rights reserved. No part of this book my be reproduced in any form--except for brief quotation (not to exceed 1,000 words) in a review or professional work--without permission in writing from the publishers.

As this book is now out of print, a reverting of the rights to the authors is being sought. Permission to reproduce an adapted version of the book on this web site has been granted.

ISBN 1-55542-255-1


Preface (Introductory Comments)

The Authors (Description of Authors)

Part One: A Personalized Approach to Adult Instruction

Chapter One: How Adult Learning and Achievement Can Be Enhanced

Why an Individualizing Strategy for Adult Learners?

Educational Changes

Theories About Adult Instruction and Learning

Why Individualizing Instruction Makes a Difference

Chapter Two: Learners in Adulthood: Why They're Not Just Big Kids

Mental Characteristics

Physical Characteristics

Emotional Characteristics

Social Characteristics

Chapter Three: Working Individually with Adults: Strategies and Techniques

What is Good Instruction?

Linking Instruction with Learning

Instructional Planning

Model for Individualizing Instruction

Chapter Four: Assimilating a Personalized Approach into Your Instruction

Overcoming Resistance

Personalizing Your Instructional Approach

Situations Appropriate for the Individualizing Process

Chapter Five: Fostering a Shared Responsibility Between Instructor and Learner

Promoting Personal Ownership

Obstacles to Promoting Personal Responsibility

Part Two: How To Individualize Instructional Efforts

Chapter Six: Six Steps to Individualizing Instruction

Activities Prior to Initial Meeting with Learners

Creating a Positive Learning Environment

Developing the Instructional Plan

Identifying Learning Activities

Putting Learning into Action

Evaluating Individual Learner Outcomes

Chapter Seven: Assessing What Learners Know and Need to Know

Individual Needs Assessment Techniques

Group Activities

Ongoing Assessment

Chapter Eight: The Importance and Use of Learning Contracts

Learning Contracts Defined

Using Learning Contracts in Individualizing Instruction

Some Related Issues

Does Contracting Make A Difference?

Chapter Nine: Evaluating Learners, the Learning Process, and Yourself

What is evaluation

Grading and Testing

Learner Assessment

Part Three: Achieving Success in Individualizing Instruction

Chapter Ten: Adapting the Process to Nontraditional and Informal Settings

Technology's Impact on Learning

Some Design Issues

The Future of Nontraditional Learning

Nontraditional Learning in Action

Chapter Eleven: Responding to the Needs of Special Audiences

Adults with Special Needs

The Older Adult as Learner

Applications for Various Audiences

Chapter Twelve: Realizing the Potential of a Personalized Approach

Individualizing Process Model

Murphy's Law and the Individualizing Process

Coping with the Unexpected

Benefits of Individualizing Your Instruction

Problems with the Individualizing Process

Future Implications

Research needs

A Final Word

Part Four: Resources for Individualizing Instruction

A Guide to Practical Applications

Common Concerns About the Individualizing Process

Alternative Introduction/Icebreaker Techniques

Needs Assessment Techniques

Sample Course Evaluation Form

Sample Instructor Evaluation Form

Learning Activity Resources and Ideas

Training Apprentice Instructions

Developing a Graduate Course

Guiding Older Adult Learners

Research and Theory

Moving from Pedagogy to Andragogy

Self-Directed Learning

Learning Style Differences

Needs Assessment Research

Physical Learning Environment

Miscellaneous Material

Being an Effective Facilitator

What Makes a Good Instructor

Non-Traditional Learning

Word Index



September, 2004

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