Self-Direction in Adult Learning: Perspectives on Theory, Research, and Practice.

London and New York: Routledge, 1991

Ralph G. Brockett and Roger Hiemstra

Copyright © 1991 by Ralph G. Brockett and Roger Hiemstra

Copyright under International, Pan American, and Universal Copyright Conventions. All rights reserved. No part of this book my be reproduced in any form--except for brief quotation (not to exceed 1,000 words) in a review or professional work--without permission in writing from one of the authors. In addition, if such permission is granted and you are printing off a hard copy of any portion of this book on a printer other than one you own, always seek permission to do so. All rights reserved.

As this book is now out of print, a reverting of all rights were given to the authors.Thus, this version was placed on the World Wide Web.

ISBN 0-415-00562-0

Table of Contents

Preface (Introductory Comments)

The Authors (Description of Authors)

Part One: Introduction

Chapter One: A Way of Life

An Historical Look

Ten Myths Associated with Self-Direction in Learning

Chapter Two: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Self-Direction in Adult Learning

Self-Direction in Adult Learning: A Misunderstood Concept

Instructional Method or Personality Characteristics

Self-Direction in Learning as an Umbrella Concept

The PRO Model: A Framework for Understanding Self-Direction in Adult Learning

Part Two: The Underlying Knowledge Base

Chapter Three: Adult learning as an Iceberg: Establishing the Knowledge Base on Self-Direction

Three Streams of Inquiry

Learning Projects Research

Chapter Four: Measuring the iceberg: Quantitative Approaches to Studying Self-Direction

Quantitative Measures of Self-Direction

The Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale

The Oddi Continuing Learning Inventory

A Meta-Analysis of Quantitative Studies on Self-Direction

Chapter Five: Beyond the Iceberg: Expanding the Knowledge Base Through Qualitative Approaches

Qualitative Studies of Self-Direction

The Underlying Knowledge Base: An Assessment

Part Three: Process and Personal Orientation

Chapter Six: Facilitating Self-Directed Learning

Andragogy: A Foundation for Self-Directed Learning

Planning Self-Directed Learning

An Interactive Teaching and Learning Process

Developing Skills by Individual Control of Learning Variables

Resources for Self-Directed Learning

Chapter Seven: Enhancing Learner Self-Direction

Conceptual Influences on Learner Self-Direction

The Dilemma of Social Context

Three Strategies for Enhancing Learner Self-Direction

Part Four: Fostering Opportunities for Self-Direction in Adult Learning

Chapter Eight: Institutional Perspectives on Self-Direction in Learning

Activating the Educative Community

Institutional Programs Built on Self-Directed Learning Ideas

Barriers to Implementing Self-Directed Learning In Institutions

Chapter Nine: Policy Issues

A Policy-Building Workshop

Policy Statements

Chapter Ten: The Global Context

Some International Perspectives on Self-Direction


Chapter Eleven: Ethical Dilemmas in Self-Direction

Ethics in Adult Education

A Workshop on Ethics and Self-Directed Adult Learning

Self-Direction and Ethics: Some Dilemmas

Part Five: A Glance at the Future

Chapter Twelve: A Way of Life Revisited

Chapter Thirteen: Conclusions and Recommendations

Creating Greater Awareness of Self-Direction

Recommendations for the Future

Appendix A: Annotated Bibliography of Sources Related to Andragogy

Appendix B: Self-Directed Learning Seminar Participants


Index of Terms

January, 2000

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