"The first American woman to speak publicly against slavery and for the equality of women, Fanny Wright was a rebel who pursued equality for all. She lived according to her own ideals rather than society's dictates."
[Fanny Wright, Frances Wright Darusmont, Mrs. Guillaume P. Darusmont]
Born in Dundee, Scotland, Fanny Wright was a radical who would have fit well in the 1960s and 1970s. She denounced the societal bondages of color, gender, religion, politics and economic status almost 200 years before it was fashionable. She practiced free and temporary love, and believed marriage was bondage made worse when society forced people to stay together for the sake of children. It seems the more she lectured, and the more the people who came to listen would argue with her, the stronger her beliefs became. Fanny started the paths for many different causes, paving the way for others to follow and to fight for the same, and more, rights. She was married to Dr. Guillaume P. Darusmont in 1831 and was divorced in 1850. She lived in Scotland, England, France, Indiana, New York, Ohio, and Tennessee. Delivered popular lectures. Was a newspaper editor (New Harmony Gazette, Free Enquirer - edited in New York in 1828). Among Wright's themes were the liberalizing of divorce laws, birth control, free state-run secular education, the political organization of laborers, equal rights for women, and objectionable ecclesiastical influences in politics. Fanny also believed in interracial relationships and she tried to free and educate the slaves. National Women's Hall of Fame 1994 Inductees included Fanny Wright
September 6, 1795
Source of Birth Date
Eckhardt, C. M. (1984). Fanny Wright: Rebel in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
December 13, 1852, Cincinnati, Ohio. Statement on Tombstone: " I have wedded the cause of human improvement, staked on it my fortune, my reputation, my life "
Source of Death Date
National Womens Hall of Fame. [On-line]. Available: http://greatwomen.org.
Self educated in Glasgow, Scotland; also heavily influenced by her Uncle James Milne, "a member of Scottish school of progressive philosophers who encouraged Fanny to question the conventional ideas lasting influence on her political development."
Abolition of Slavery
Frances "Fanny" Trollope
Marquis de Lafayette (From France/Also fought in Revolutionary War)
Robert Dale Owen
William Maclure Themes
National Women's Hall of Fame
Wright, F. (1821). Letters. In Baker, P. A. (Ed.), Views of society and manners in America (a travel memoir). Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press (reprinted Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 1963).
Wright, F. (1822). Altorf (a play). London: Longman.
Wright, F. (ca. 1826-27). A Few Days in Athens (published serially). In R. D. Owen, (Ed.), The New Harmony Gazette. Indiana.
Biographical studies: Frances Wright. Evansville, IN: University of Evansville. [On-line]. Available: http://www.evansville.edu/~ck6/bstud/wright.html.
Brief Biographies from the Jackson/Van Buren Era. [On-line]. Available: http://22.214.171.124/BIOG-W.htm.
Eckhardt, C. M. (1984). Fanny Wright: Rebel in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984 (published in 1992 by University of Illinois Press, Urbana).
Ehrenreich, B., & English, D. (1978). For her own good. New York: Anchor Books.
Fanny Wright. The Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia. [On-line]. Available http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/REwright.htm.
Frances Wright. (1994). The world almanac and book of facts (CD-ROM). Funk and Wagnalls Corp.
Perkins, A. J. G., Wolfson, T. (1939). Frances Wright: Free enquirer. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Rind, Z. (1996). Frances Wright: Challenging societal views. Haverford, PA: Haverford College, The Women, Medicine & Biology Web Site. [On-line]. Available: http://students.haverford.edu/wmbweb/medbios/zrwright.html.
The women of the hall (National Women's Hall of Fame). [On-line]. Available: http://greatwomen.org/grtwmn.htm.
Uglow, J. S. (Compiler). (1989). The continuum dictionary of women's biography (New Expanded Edition of the International Dictionary of Women's Biography.
-- Return to the vitae listing page
-- Return to first page