Recommendation 9: The Kellogg Foundation should be very cautious in funding future projects that plan to rely on proprietary system development (non-standard software and hardware designed primarily for a single user). We suggest that proposals containing such intentions should receive special scrutiny and require either clear alternative plans for contingencies such as bankruptcies or assessments of viability by outside experts.

H. We employed a multitude of dissemination and public relations strategies guided by our communications and public relations staff person, Mary Beth Hinton. These included the following: (a) a press conference as the project was initiated; (b) several articles in local community or campus newspapers throughout the first four years; (c) a regular newsletter widely distributed in North America and elsewhere; (d) the publication of several occasional papers and technical reports; (e) news releases distributed regularly to a variety of outlets; (f) information transmitted regularly over AEDNET; (g) conference presentations, papers, journal articles, book chapters, and even an edited book by project staff and faculty; (h) a special newsletter sent to members of our IISN network; (i) information dissemination efforts by advisory council members; (i) flyers about various project components that were widely distributed at conferences, meetings, and through the mail; (j) visiting scholars' publishing efforts; (k) and presentations by staff at various meetings of faculty, staff, and students throughout the campus.

Recommendation 10: The Kellogg Foundation should encourage future funded project personnel to utilize a wide variety of dissemination and public relations mechanisms and keep track of such efforts via an annual project vita.

I. The inability of the university to carry through with initial promises of financial support to help perpetuate project activities and maintain two new tenure line positions in Adult Education was a deep disappointment for project personnel and program faculty. In fact, the closing of the Adult Education Program was an unexpected situation. Tough financial times, new administrators entering the picture with different priorities, and our apparent inability to help key university officials truly understand the field, its history, and the Kellogg Project's intents were unfortunate circumstances which combined to limit the project's overall effectiveness. We discovered that in various ways there are extra burdens placed on an academic unit by being under the large magnifying glass that results from a large grant on a campus. It is my belief that the graduate program would not have been closed if we had never received the grant. In retrospect, I believe we accomplished a great deal through the seven year effort, but the costs at the end were quite high.

Recommendation 11: The Kellogg Foundation should consider requiring that more specific agreements and support statements from host institution officials be signed and included in the final proposal submitted for Foundation approval.

J. As noted earlier, we had some real successes in cooperating with people from various units across campus. Such interdisciplinary involvement with computer scientists, librarians, engineers, educators, and information specialists contributed significantly to our overall efforts. However, we also experienced some difficulties with a few units because of differing visions and expectations.

Recommendation 12: The Kellogg Foundation should provide some guidelines and advice on how to promote interdisciplinary cooperation across a campus. Perhaps a compilation of strategies gleaned from prior successes in various projects would be of value.

K. We received excellent support from both our internal and external advisory council members. The insight, advice, and honest critique we received from these fine people made our jobs much easier and enhanced our project outcomes.

Recommendation 13: The Kellogg Foundation should consider requiring both internal and external advisory councils for many future projects.

Recommendation 14: The Kellogg Foundation should consider developing guidelines on how to form and use advisory councils. Perhaps a compilation of strategies or procedures gleaned from prior uses of advisory councils would be possible.

L. We found the compilation of a project vita as recommended by our evaluation consultant to be a very valuable means for keeping track of project products or endeavors, assessing our progress toward project goals, and conveying our activities to others.

Recommendation 15: The Kellogg Foundation should consider adapting the vita approach to evaluation for some of its future funded projects.

M. An important decision for us was the utilization of co-directors to manage the project. This enabled us to capitalize on different strengths and each co-director served as a check and balance for the other.

Recommendation 16: The Kellogg Foundation should consider recommending a co-directorship for future projects whenever this seems feasible.

N. We were very fortunate in finding a number of outstanding graduate students who worked with the project in various capacities as research associates. We gave them substantial responsibilities and most responded with service well beyond our initial expectations. In essence, their graduate experiences were enhanced as they were able to tie work experiences to their academic studies.

Recommendation 17: The Kellogg Foundation should consider recommending that certain future projects utilize graduate students in research associate roles when it is possible for them to assume substantial responsibilities.

Some Final Thoughts

The declining economic situation in the United States during the past decade has had a dampening affect on many activities, including various higher education programs, a variety of research efforts, and considerable individual initiative. Correspondingly, the curtailment of some government and corporate sponsorship of developmental projects has impacted those people and organizations desiring to create knowledge or try new approaches to meeting human needs. Thus, it is with respect and gratitude that I, on behalf of all who were associated with the Syracuse University Kellogg Project, recognize the tremendous value of the Foundation's support here.

As I look back over the seven-year effort, I believe we accomplished a great deal. We were disappointed that the computer-based information storage and retrieval system was not developed to the specifications initially envisioned. Fortunately, "off the shelf" systems are now available whose capabilities nearly match our original vision so the knowledge in that area has continued to move forward.

On the other hand, I feel we went beyond our initial expectations in terms of promoting adult education historical research and in prompting a greater use of technology by many people who were in some way connected with our efforts. I, for one, have become even more committed to the effective incorporation of technology in all my professional work. I also look with great pride on how much more we now all know about the history of the adult education field. I believe we have learned much and have consequently improved our practice. I look forward to those researchers who in another ten to twenty years will examine what we did and assess the impact we had over time.

Finally, I would like to end this report on a somewhat lighter side with two incidences that tickled me and I hope might tickle others who read this report. One has to do with the fact that when we established the LAN where each person was connected electronically, we needed unique identification points or names that were assigned to facilitate sending files or messages to one another. We decided to each select the name of a Kellogg Cereal. Thus, messages were soon flying around to All Bran, Corn Flakes, Corn Pops, Just Right, Rice Krispies, etc. I am proud that I was known as Special K to symbolize the fact that I had developed the original Kellogg Project proposal.

The second is in fact quite related to the above. The Kellogg Project for most of its life was located in a fine old three story house on the edge of campus. It was near a couple of dormitories so hundreds of undergraduate students walked by each day who could easily see our very prominent sign that said the Kellogg Project. One day after we had been in the house for a couple of years, a staff member was leaving to attend a meeting elsewhere on campus. A your female student stopped him and said, "I have been walking by here all year and am curious about what a Kellogg Project is all about." Without cracking a smile, the staff member said, "We are developing a new cereal for the Kellogg people" and walked on to his meeting. I can only assume that the student told all her dormitory friends that evening about a cereal being developed right there on the Syracuse University campus. What shall we call it, anyway? How about AEDNUT FLAKES!


Following are various items referred to earlier in this report. The first, Appendix A-1, is a pictorial portrayal of many people associated with the project. We electronically scanned available photographs and formatted them similarly. However, it should be noted that the photographs varied tremendously in size and form. Some were in color, some were in black and white glossies, some were large, some were very small, and some faces needed to be extracted from group photos. Although our scanning equipment and operating knowledge is good, it was impossible to achieve complete uniformity.

Appendices A-2, B, C, D, and E contain information about various people who in some were associated with the project. Appendix F lists information about the participants in our various conferences and symposia. Information on the papers presented at the last two history conferences is included.





Abbott, George, Librarian, Library Media, Syracuse University, E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY 13244

Abdurrahman, Umar, Lecturer I, Department of Education, P.B. 2346, Usumanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Adekanmbi, Gbolagade, Lecturer, Department of Adult Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Adrian, Judith Weinn, Program Associate, National Extension Leadership Development Project, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706

Allen, Annamary Zappia, 1127 Elton Drive, Endicott, NY 13760

Allen, Eileen , Assistant Librarian, SUNY Institute of Technology at Utica/Rome, P. O. Box 3051, Utica, NY 13504

Arthur-Brothers, Judith, Transitional Living Services, 423 West Onondaga Street, Syracuse, NY 13202

Austermiller, Judy , Director, Boehm Foundation, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110

Awasu, Charles, 101 Jerome Street, Syracuse, NY 13210

Bagdovitz, Mary Lou , University College, 610 E. Fayette Street, Syracuse, NY 13210

Balachandran, Indra, 320 Roosevelt Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13210

Balsamo, Peter , Associate Dean, Graduate College and Associate Professor, Educational Studies, Radford University, P. O. Box 6917, Radford, VA 24142

Benseman, John , Adult Education Researcher, Auckland, New Zealand

Bhagia, Sushma, Fellow/Reader, National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi, India

Bhagia, N. M. (deceased), Senior Fellow and , Head of Education Administration, National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi, India

Borgman, Christine L. , Professor, Library and Information Science , University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024

Briggs, John , Associate Professor, Cultural Foundations, Syracuse University, 350 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244

Brockett, Ralph G., Associate Professor, 239 Claxton Addition, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996

Brown, Ina Sue, 4911 Emerson Road, Canandaigua, NY 14425

Brule, James, Managing Director, Northeast Artificial Intelligence Consortium, Syracuse, NY 13244

Burstyn, Joan , Professor, Cultural Foundations, Syracuse University, 350 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13422

Carlson, Robert A., Professor, Continuing Education , College of Education, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada S7W 0W0

Charters, Alexander , 216 Lockwood Road, Syracuse, NY 13214

Clark, Preston, 300 South Applegate Road, Ithaca, NY 14850

Cohen, Yehezkel, Professor, Martin Buber Institute, University of Jerusalem , 20 Hamaapilim Street, Apt. 31, Jerusalem, Israel 93588

Collard, Susan, Adult Education, 5760 Toronto Road, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1L2

Darby, Chris, 59 Third Ave., Oswego, NY 13126

Davis, Carolyn , Associate Librarian, Syracuse University, 111 E. S. Bird, Syracuse, NY 13244

Dosa, Marta, Professor Emerita, School of Information Studies, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Doughty, Phil, Associate Professor, IDDE, Syracuse University, 330 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244

Durant, Joan, 3719 Slate Hill Road, Marcellus, NY 13108

Eastmond, Dan, 6 Fairway Blvd., Gansevoort, NY 12831

Edelson, Paul , Dean, Continuing Education, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794

Ehringhaus, Michael, 15 Perry Drive , West Trenton, NJ 08628

Ely, Don, Professor, IDDE, Syracuse University, 330 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244

Finger, Matthias , Assistant Professor, Higher and Adult Education, Teachers College, Columbia , 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10023

Florini, Barbara M., 7179 Frank Long Road, Jamesville, NY 13078

Fowler, Manet , Director, Research House, 815 Maryland Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13210

Fulton, Molly, Library Assistant, Syracuse University, E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY 13244

Fulton, Rodney , Herrick Hall 117, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717

Gadbow, Nancy , 4951 Butler Road, Canandaigua, NY 14424

Gainey, Leroy , Golden Gate Baptist Theology Seminary, Mill Valley, CA 95687

Gajanayaka, Jaya, Faculty of Adult Education, University of Colombo , Sri Lanka

Garrels, Anne , Correspondent, National Public Radio, Washington, DC 20013

Goodman, Maureen , Coordinator, Hospital Staff Education, SUNY Health Science Center, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210

Hagen, Nancy E., Assistant Professor, Adult Education, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695

Hall, Budd , Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S lV6

Hammon, Peter, Library Assistant , Syracuse University, E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY 13244

Hayes, Elisabeth , Associate Professor, University of Wisconsin at Madison, 276 TEB, 225 N. Mills Street, Madison, WI 53706

Henry, Marcia, Accounting Department, OnCenter, 800 S. State St., Syracuse, NY 13201

Henry, Norbert, Dean of Enrollment Management, Le Moyne College, Syracuse, NY 13214

Herra, Samuel Simpson , Managua Regional Director of Adult Education, Managua, Nicaragua

Hiemstra, Roger, Professor, IDDE, Syracuse University, 335 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244

Hill, Doris, 130 Leah Street, Utica, NY 13501

Himmelstrup, Per , Secretary General, The Danish Cultural Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

Hinton, Mary Beth, Courier Editor, Syracuse University, E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY 13244

Hogan, Matthew , 951 Maryland Ave., Syracuse, NY 13210

Hoghielm, Robert , Professor, Stockholm Institute of Adult Education, Stockholm, Sweden

Hugo, Jane , 2045 Valley Drive, Syracuse, NY 13244

Huntington, Patricia , Director of American Express Philanthropic Program and, of Huntington Associates, New York, NY 10011

Ilsley, Paul , Associate Professor, 101 Gabel Hall, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115

Imel, Susan , Director, ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career and Vocational Education, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210

Inglis, Thomas F., Lecturer, Department of Sociology, University College and Director, AONTAS, Dublin 4 Ireland

Israeli, Eitan , Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel 76100

Jarvis, Peter, Professor of Continuing Education , Department of Educational Studies, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH England

Kalinoski, Ronald , Director of Faculty Computer Services, Syracuse University, 120 Hinds Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244

Karovic, Nancy Lee, 2721 Russell Street, Bellingham, WA 98225

Keenan, Terry , Assistant Librarian, Syracuse University, E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY 13244

Kinyanjui, Peter, Principal of the College of Adult and Distance Education, University of Nairobi , Kenya

Knox, Alan , University of Wisconsin at Madison, 225 N. Mills Street, Madison, WI 53706

Kordalewski, Jean , 114 Kessler Lane, Fayetteville, NY 13066

Kuzma, Desiree , 23 Minisink Road, Wayne, NY 07470

Law, Michael, Centre for Continuing Education, University of Waikato, New Zealand

Laya-Sensenig, Trina , Managing Partner, Express Publishing Group, 11609 Milbern Drive, Potomac, MD 20854-3523

Liuzzi-Hagan, Diane, Corporate Resource Analyst, Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., 300 Erie Boulevard, West, Syracuse, NY 13202

Long, Huey , Professor, The University of Oklahoma, 820 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73019

Luke, Robert A. (deceased), Retired Executive Director,, AEA of the USA, Sarasota, FL 32691

Marchand, Donald, Dean, Information Studies, 4-206 CST, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Masters, Jennifer, P.O. Box 177, Concord, MA 01742

Mgulambwa, Albert (deceased), P.O. Box 35198, University Hill, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Ming-Li, Liu, Associate Research Fellow, Shanghai Research Institute of Adult Education, Shanghai, China

Moats, Tom, 230 Huntington Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Morris, Roger , Associate Professor, Adult and Language Education, University of Technology, P.O. Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007 Australia

Murray, Nancy , Instructor, Adult Education, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Nanzhao, Zhou, Vice President, China National Institute for Educational Studies, Bei-san-huan-zhong-lu 46, Beijing, China 100088

Newell, Linda T., 12 Mango Lane, Liverpool, NY 13090

Oddy, Beth Carley , 223 Scottholm Terrace, Syracuse, NY 13224

Ohliger, John , Basic Choices Inc., P. O. Box 9598, Madison, WI 53715

Owen, Olive , 212 Strathmore Drive, Syracuse, NY 13207

Owen, Roderic Lewis , Associate Professor, Mary Baldwin College, Staunton, VA 24401

Oyewale, Adesiyan, Postgraduate Fellow, Department of Adult Education , University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Patanella, Paul , 834 S. Valley Forge Road, Devon, PA 19333

Penland, Patrick , Library Services, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15320

Pittman, Von V. Jr., Division of Continuing Education, 116 International Center, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

Poley, Janet , President, AG*SAT, P.O. Box 830746, Lincoln, NB 68583

Price, Joseph , Chief, Science and Technology Division, Library of Congress, Independent Avenue at First Street, SE, Washington, DC 20540

Quinlan, Irene, Administrative Assistant, to the CEO and President, Laubach Literacy International, 1320 Jamesville Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13210

Ranz, Joanne , Security Office Coordinator, Syracuse University, 204 Heroy Lab, Syracuse, NY 13244

Rohfeld, Rae , 532 Winkworth Parkway, Syracuse, NY 13215

Saddington, J. A. (Tony) , Senior Lecturer, University of Cape Town, Private Bag Rondebosch 7700, Cape Town, South Africa

Sanford, Mary D., Learning Skills Coordinator, Olympic College, 1600 Chester Avenue, Room 115 Humanities Building, Bremerton, WA 98310

Sasaki, Masaharu, Professor, Hiroshima University , Kagamiyama 1 Chome 1-2, Higa Shi-Hiromshima City, Japan

Schied, Fred, Assistant Professor, 206 Charlotte Building, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16801

Shah, S. Y., Assistant Director, Adult Education Unit, Jawaharial Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Sharp, Denise S. , P.O. Box 2156, Cheyenne, WY 82003

Shen, Robert Z., Visiting Fellow, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20022

Shelly, Anne L., Assistant Dean, 4-116 CST , Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Sibert, Ernest, Professor, 4-116 CST, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Simpson Herra, Samuel, Regional Director of Adult Education, Managua, Nicaragua

Sisco, Burton , Division of Lifelong Learning, 214 McWhinnie Hall, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071

Slusarski, Sue, 58 Pebble Hill Road, Fairport, NY 14450

Smith, Nick L., Professor, IDDE, 350 Huntington Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Smith, Ruth Queen, 2521 Kingston Pike, Apartment 1908, Knoxville, TN 37919

Spencer, Glynda , Pulp and Paper Foundation, 317 Walters Street, Syracuse, NY 13210

Stanley, Manfred, Professor, Sociology, 100 Sims IV, Syracuse University , Syracuse, NY 13244

Stasz, Bird (Beck) , 42 Billsboro Road, Geneva, NY 14456

Stewart, Anne , Deans Office, Maxwell , Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244

Stubblefield, Harold , Professor, Adult Education, Virginia Tech, 2990 Telestar Court, Falls Church, VA 22042

Svensson, Annette , Director of Cooperation with Latin America, University of Linkoping, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden

Tagtmeyer, Peter , 347 S. Collingwood Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13221

Tennant, Mark , Associate Professor, Adult and Language Education, University of Technology, P. O. Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007 Australia

Thompson, Melody, 104 Honeysuckle Drive, Boalsburg, PA 16827

Tobias, Robert , Senior Lecturer in Continuing Education, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

Tung, Yuming , SUNY Health Science Center, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210

Ume, Theo Azuka , Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Valentine, Thomas, University of Georgia, 416 Tucker Hall, Athens, GA 30502

VanDenburg, Joyce , Office Assistant III, NYSERNET, Inc., 111 College Place, Syracuse, NY 13244

Vertrees, Daniel , Assistant Dean, School of Education, Tuskegee University, 103 Thrasher Hall, Tuskegee, Alabama 36088

Wright, Kathleen, 40 Lynacres Blvd., Fayetteville, NY 13066

Zhan, Ruling , Research Associate, Central Institute of Educational Research, Beijing, China

Ziegahn, Linda , School of Adult and Experiential Learning, Antioch University, 800 Livermore Street, Yellow Springs, OH 45387


Click here for a Kellogg Project Photo Gallary

(Revised, December, 2003)

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