Cyril Orvin Houle Vita

The Adult Education History Project

Based on Information in the Syracuse University Library Archives

Translated for the WWW by Roger Hiemstra








Cyril Orvin Houle.


[Cyril O. Houle; Cy Houle; C. O. Houle]



Compiled by Roger Hiemstra, August, 1990; data gathered by Dixie L. Glenney, ATE 611 student, Fall, 1989, Roger Hiemstra, and by compilers for published resource guides.



Papers at Syracuse University, Arents Library.


Born in Sarasota, FL, son of John Louis and Annie Mae (Hesock) Houle. Married Bettie Carr Eckhardt Totten, 1947-05-15. Children--David Eckhardt. On the faculty in Education at the University of Chicago. First recipient of the W. P. Tolley Medal,

Syracuse University, 1966-10-12. Citation from the Association of University Evening Colleges, 1966. Award of Merit from the Nationnal Association of Public School Adult Education, 1967. Winner of the Imogene Oakes award for Continuing Learning in the Professions, 1980. During WWII Houle administered training programs for servicemen at the University of Chicago.


[sources: DixieL. Glenney, ATE 611 student, Fall, 1989; the citation given to Houle at the presentation of the Tolley Medal at Syracuse University, October 12, 1966]








WHO'S WHO, Vol. 45, 1988_89, 1479.






1930-34--A.B., Education, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

1934--M.A., Education, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

1940--Ph.D., Education, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

1950-51--Fulbright Fellow, United Kingdom.


[sources: LEADERS IN EDUCATION,4th ed., 1971, 445; WHO'S WHO, Vol. 45, 1988_89, p.1479]


1939-42--Instructor, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

1940--Visiting Instructor, University of California, Berkeley, CA (summer).

1942-48--Assistant Professor, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

1948-52--Associate Professor, University of Chicago,Chicago, IL.

1950--Director of UNESCO workshop on Adult Education in Libraries, Sweden.

1944-52--Dean, University College, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

1952-78--Professor of Education, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

1960--Knapp Visiting Professor, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee.

1961--Lecturer, University of Washington (summer).

1961-1962-United States representative to the United Nations on Adult Education and Advancement.

1966--Consultant, University of Liberia and the University of Nigeria.

1967-68--Visiting Senior Resident Specialist, Oxford.

1976 to present--Senior Program Cultant, W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.

1978 to present--Professor Emeritus, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.


[sources: Dixie L. Glenney, ATE 611student, Fall, 1989; LEADERS IN EDUCATION, 4th ed., 1971, 445; WHO'S WHO, Vol. 45, 1988_89, 1479]


Activity-oriented learner.


Continuing professional education.

Goal-oriented learner

Great Books Movement.

Houle typology.

Inquiring mind.

Learning-oriented learner.

Non-traditional study.

Participation in adult education.

Participation in adult learning.

Program planning.

Systematic design model.


[sources: Knowles, Malcolm. Review of The design of education, by Houle, Cyril O. JOURNAL OF HIGHER EDUCATION 43 (1972): 661_664; Roger Hiemstra]


Boshier, Roger.

Knowles, Malcolm; Houle served as Knowles' major advisor.

Tough, Allen; Tough's work with adults' learning projects can be traced to Houle's work on the inquiring mind.


[source: Roger Hiemstra]


Adult Education Association of the U.S.A. [AEA_USA].

American Educational Research Association [AERA].

Chicago Adult Education Council.

Delta Tau Delta.

Illinois Adult Educational Research Association.

National Academy of Education.

NationalAdvisory Council on Extension and Continuing Education.

Phi Beta Kappa.

Phi Kappa Phi.

Quadrangle Club of Chicago.

United States National Commission and International Congress of the Advancement of Adult Education.

University Club of Chicago..


[source: LEADERS IN EDUCATION, 4th ed., 1971, 445]


Founding member of the Mentors I & II videotape series on adult education, University of Georgia, 1974.

Commission on Non-Traditional Study, early seventies.


[source: HISTORICAL STUDY OF CYRIL ORVIN HOULE, term paper by Dixie L. Glenney, ATE 611 student, Fall, 1989]


University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.


[source: Roger Hiemstra]


Numerous articles, monographs, books, and book chapters. Some of his most important books are as follows:

Houle, Cyril O. THE INQUIRING MIND. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1961. Published as a second edition in 1988 (with an afterward by Houle) by the Oklahoma Research Center for Continuing Professional and Higher Education, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK.


Houle, Cyril O. DESIGN OF EDUCATION. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1972.


Houle, Cyril O. THE EXTERNAL DEGREE. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1973.


Houle, Cyril O. CONTINUING LEARNING IN THE PROFESSIONS. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1980.





Boshier, Roger. Motivational orientations of adult education participants: A factor analytic exploration of Houle's typology. ADULT EDUCATION 21 (1971): 3-26.


Boshier, Roger and Collins, John B. The Houle typology after twenty-two years: A large-scale empirical test. ADULT EDUCATION QUARTERLY 35 (1985): 113-130.


Cervero, Ron M. and Dimmock,Katherine H. A factor analytic test of Houle's typology of professionals' modes of learning. ADULT EDUCATION QUARTERLY 37 (1987): 125-139.

Furst, E. J. An interpretation of the Boshier-Collins cluster analysis testing Houle's typology. ADULT EDUCATION QUARTERLY 36 (1986): 235-237.


Knowles, Malcolm S. THE MAKING OF AN ADULT EDUCATOR: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL JOURNEY. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1989. In this autobiography, Knowles describes in several locations throughout the book how he was influenced by Houle, his major professor.


Knox, Alan B. Response to Woll's critique of Houle's CONTINUING LEARNING IN THE PROFESSIONS. ADULT EDUCATION QUARTERLY 35 (1984): 51-54.


Woll, B. The empty ideal: A critique of CONTINUING LEARNING IN THE PROFESSIONS by Cyril O. Houle. ADULT EDUCATION QUARTERLY 34 (1984): 167-177.





In addition to following normal manuscript citation conventions, include these elements when citing records found "electronically" through The Adult Education History Project: Main entry, Title, Item number, and, if a specific image is being cited, Component number. Mention, too, that the record was found in "/history.html, an Electronic Source for Syracuse University Library's database for archives and manuscripts".




Cross-reference to Project Vitae in Adult Education


Cross-reference to Cyril O. Houle Collection


[Postscript: Professor Houle was inducted into the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame in 1996.]




Created on May 5, 2002


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